VirtualBox: cooperating VMs can escape from shared folder
|Project Member Reported by email@example.com, Dec 12 2016||Back to list|
There is a security issue in the shared folder implementation that permits cooperating guests with write access to the same shared folder to gain access to the whole filesystem of the host, at least on Linux hosts. The issue is that, when the host checks whether a given path escapes the root directory of the shared folder in vbsfPathCheckRootEscape(), the function assumes that the directory hierarchy is static: E.g. the path "base/a/b/c/../../.." is assumed to be equivalent to "base/a/b/../..", "base/a/.." and "base". However, at least on Linux, renames can occur at the same time as path traversal. This means that, if VM A attempts to open "base/a/b/c/../../../foo" while VM B is moving "base/a/b/c" to "base/c_", VM A might actually end up opening "base/../../foo" instead of "base/foo". To demonstrate the issue, on a Linux host with Virtualbox 5.1.10: - Place a file called "real_root_marker" in the root directory of the Linux host, containing some secret text. The VMs will attempt to obtain the contents of this file. root@host:/# echo "this is secret text in the host fs" > /real_root_marker - Create two Linux VMs with a shared writable folder. - In the VMs, install the guest extensions, with the attached patch vboxsf_new.patch applied. - In the VMs, ensure that the new vboxsf kernel module is loaded and that the shared folder is mounted. - In VM A, compile and run the attached file openspam.c: root@vmA:/media/sf_vboxshared# gcc -o openspam openspam.c -std=gnu99 root@vmA:/media/sf_vboxshared# ./openspam entering directory... entered directory and prepared folders, racing... - In VM B, compile and run the attached file renamespam.c: root@vmB:/media/sf_vboxshared# gcc -o renamespam renamespam.c -std=gnu99 root@vmB:/media/sf_vboxshared# ./renamespam Now, in VM A, you should see the contents of the host's /real_root_marker within seconds: SUCCESS this is secret text in the host fs EOF Note: The exploit assumes that the shared folder isn't more than nine levels away from the filesystem root. This bug is subject to a 90 day disclosure deadline. If 90 days elapse without a broadly available patch, then the bug report will automatically become visible to the public.
Dec 12 2016,
Oracle assigned tracking# S0808102
Dec 16 2016,
Oracle informed me that they can't roll out patched binaries before 2017-04-18.
Feb 16 2017,
Oracle informed me in January that they're going to release a patched version on 2017-03-12, which is the deadline, or before that date.
Mar 6 2017,
Oracle informed me that they're planning to release a fixed version on 2017-03-08.
Mar 9 2017,
Oracle said that they were planning to fix the bug in 5.1.16 and 5.0.34, which have been released now. I have verified that the source release and the debian package for version 5.1.16 contain a fix. vbsfPathGuestToHost() now uses RTPathAbsEx() to make the path absolute, and afterwards, it checks whether the expected directory prefix is still present using RTPathStartsWith(). The patch is not yet in the SVN repository.
Mar 13 2017,
Apr 15 2017,
Jun 2 2017,
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